How Is CBN Created?
CBN is produced naturally in marijuana plants when THC ages, which is why it’s often found in high amounts in older cannabis plants that have been exposed to more heat and light. Those who enjoy the effects of this non-intoxicating compound may seek out more aged marijuana because some think its benefits are more potent than those from a fresh batch.
THC can also be processed and turned into CBN in a processing laboratory. Extractors looking to create a diverse portfolio of cannabinoid products can add another product to their lineup by converting THC into CBN. For example, if extractors have an overstock of THC, they can pivot and transform the material for more revenue with this conversion.
The Process: CBN extraction starts by soaking plant material in CO2 or ethanol, to pull out cannabinoids and terpenes. The solvent is then removed from the mixture using an evaporator that uses both heat and vacuum processes, resulting in a crude extract that requires further distillation to make the purified distillate. For example, below is an example of an ethanol extraction process for making CBN:
Chill the ethanol solvent to the required temperature.
Soak the cannabis material in the chilled solvent, then extract the CBNa through a closed-loop centrifuge.
Filter out any particles left in the chilled solvent/crude oil mix.
Evaporate the solvent to remove ethanol from the plant crude oil.
Use decarboxylation to create CBN from the CBNa.
Distill the CBN molecules from the crude oil using wiped film distillation.
Test the resulting distillate to measure the concentration.
If further purification of CBN is desired then the use of chromatography to isolate and purify the extract is required. With chromatography, the resulting extract is of a higher potency and quality. A High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) device is recommended if you anticipate setting up a CBN extraction lab.
The potential CBN market is evidenced by the many brands that offer tinctures, oils, capsules, and edibles with isolated CBN, with many products marketed as sleep aids. Full-spectrum CBD-based products have provided users with an easy way to test out the CBN cannabinoid to see if it eases lifestyle issues like insomnia, chronic pain, or anxiety, and it’s popularity is likely to increase as cannabis becomes more socially acceptable.
Is CBN the Next Big Thing?
A quick search of Google Shopping brings up thousands of listings of full-spectrum hemp products that list CBN oil as an ingredient, including remedies for:
- Pain relief
- Stress reduction
- Mood enhancement
- Anxiety relief
This popularity would indicate to many that CBN may become another popular and desirable medicinal extract from the marijuana plant, much like CBG and CBD. Financial trend experts predict CBN will increase in popularity for therapeutic use.
The biggest potential issue for CBN and other marijuana and hemp derivatives is the current federal law on hemp and marijuana products. While the federal government doesn’t specifically regulate CBN, individual states may choose to make laws against the processing or sale of the CBN marijuana plant product, as many states have already done with Delta 8.
How Precision Can Help Make CBN Extract
Precision is a manufacturer and distributor of some the best ethanol extraction and post-processing equipment required to make CBN extracts. The pairings of ethanol extractors, filtration presses, solvent recovery units, wiped film distillation systems and the ancillary equipment are expertly configured by our system integration experts.
Need more hands-on help than just installation? We can offer help with our comprehensive catalog of on-site training courses delivered by our experienced extraction technicians.