Terpenes are organic compounds found in the essential oils of plants and flowers. Terpenes contribute to their flavor, scent and color. These essential oils are used widely as fragrances in perfumery, for medicinal purposes and alternative medicines such as aromatherapy.
Types of Terpenes in Cannabis
According to a September 2011 report by Dr. Ethan Russo in the British Journal of Pharmacology that discussed the wide-ranging therapeutic attributes of terpenoids, including several aromatic compounds that figure prominently in cannabis strains, including:
Alpha-pinene (essential pine oil)
The most common terpene in the plant world and one often found in cannabis, is a bronchodilator potentially helpful for asthmatics. Pinene also promotes alertness and memory retention by inhibiting the metabolic breakdown of acetylcholinesterase, a neurotransmitter in the brain that stimulates these cognitive effects.
Another terpene present in numerous cannabis varietals, is a sedative, a muscle relaxant, a hypnotic, an analgesic (painkiller) and an anti-inflammatory compound.
A major terpene in citrus as well as in cannabis, has been used clinically to dissolve gallstones, improve mood and relieve heartburn and gastrointestinal reflux. Limonene has been shown to destroy breast-cancer cells in lab experiments, and its powerful antimicrobial action can kill pathogenic bacteria.
Why are Terpenes Important in Cannabis Extracts?
According to Dr. Russo, terpenes “display unique therapeutic effects that may contribute meaningfully to the entourage effects of cannabis-based medicinal extracts.”
The retention of terpenes is an important part of any hemp or cannabis extraction process as it contributes to not only flavor and smell, but also its pharmacological effects.
How Precision Can Help
Precision® extraction equipment utilizes hydrocarbon solvents, the most efficient method to commercially extract oil from hemp and cannabis plants, including CBD, THC and terpene compounds, for medical and other applications. Hydrocarbon extraction is a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved method of extracting botanical oils. Our extraction systems are certified in all regulated jurisdictions for safe, effective operation and the production of superior concentrates.
Precision® extraction systems are also 3A food processing compliant and all our extraction processing equipment is manufactured with the end consumer in mind, built to the highest standards in the industry, with sanitary food grade stainless steel. Insist on safe, quality oil and extracts… Made with Precision®