There are many facets to creating award winning cannabis concentrates. This article explores the basics of material preservation and its effect on producing high quality extracts.
The Basics of Terpenes & Material Preservation
The cannabis plant’s smells and flavors are created by naturally occurring terpenes. Terpenes are a large group of volatile, unsaturated hydrocarbons found in the essential oils of plants. In the case of cannabis, terpenes contribute to thousands of diverse smells and flavors.
The retention of terpenes is also a crucial part of any hemp or cannabis extraction process as it contributes to not only flavor and smell, but also its pharmacological effects.
Because terpenes are so essential to making professional extract, it is very important that the material preparation process has terpene preservation top of mind. In order to get the largest diversity of terpenes, it should be noted to use the whole plant while excluding its low cannabinoid containing parts (fan leaves, stems, and roots).
In the ideal situation, you want to completely preserve the original essence of the plant. Things like drying, oxidation and heat degrade the natural smells and flavors of the plant. Aged material that has been stored and stockpiled by growers often lacks luster in the terpene department. Hence, you want to avoid such material degradation in your professional extraction process.
Freeze It! Live Resin Makes Better Concentrate
Most extraction companies have heard of, and many have integrated, a process called “live resin”. Simply put, live resin involves freezing freshly trimmed cannabis and, upon becoming frozen in about 24 – 36 hours, immediately thereafter extracting the material. This process is designed to preserve terpenes and prevent the aforementioned drying, oxidation, and heat that degrade terpenes. The result? Almost always a superior extract.